The topic «Popess» is frequently the subject of publications.
We present a selection of articles, which can be read via the attached links on the Internet.
Reference books and direct sources you can find in literature.
I would like to present the article in a somewhat unusual way, instead of describing the method that finally produced the result, I will present the generally accepted methods of history and archaeology first and then apply them to material many readers will not yet have heard off.
Introduction: In the late Middle Ages, a popular legend advanced the story of a medieval woman who disguised herself in men’s clothing and ascended to the role of pope. A dramatic ending to the tale ensured its endurance: As the woman, masquerading as Pope Johannes Anglicus, led a religious procession through Rome during the mid-ninth century, she allegedly went into labor, exposing the fact that “Johannes” was actually “Joan.”
Smithsonian.com Smartnews 19. September 2018
Translated title: Popess Johanna could not be a legend: some old coins prove this
Introduction text: According to medieval legends, there was one woman among the various popes who followed each other in the years around 800. Not that the church had a different opinion about women 1,200 years ago. It was not a temporary feminist opening.
In fact, the story tells of a woman of English origin who, in order to climb the hierarchies of ecclesiastical power, decided to use an old trick: to dress up as a man. A fantasy invented by those who wanted to make fun of the papal system?
It might be. But now Michael Habicht, archaeologist at Flinders University in Adelaide, Autralia, has found evidence of his existence: These are antique coins bearing the monogram and testifying to their existence.
Researchers from an Australian University have announced in a press release a major discovery in relation to the existence of a female Pope in the early Middle Ages. For a long while, experts, believed that the existence of a ‘Popess’ was a myth. However, experts now claim that there are coins that demonstrate that there was an actual female Pope. The figure of ‘Popess Joan’ has become an icon for feminism and a hope for gender equality. Whether this figure was ever real or is pure legend is thus relevant and important in today’s world. This finding could have immense importance as not only will it confirm a twist in the history of the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages but also has implications for the future development of the largest Christian denomination in the world.
Ancient Origins (2018)
Medieval legends claim that Pope Joan was the first and only female pope. And now, an analysis of ancient silver coins suggests that the ordained woman may have actually lived.
Since the Middle Ages there have been rumours about a woman who was elected Popess in the middle of the ninth century. But whether this Popess named "Johannes Anglicus" actually existed is hotly disputed. Now a researcher has found new evidence for the pontificate of this woman. Among them are coins from that time that bear her signature, but also references in contemporary documents.
wissenschaft.de (2018) (In German)
The origins of the Papacy can be traced to St. Peter, one of the original disciples of Jesus. The current pope, Francis I, is the 265 th successor of St. Peter. Needless to say, all 266 popes are male.
Yet, during the middle ages, there existed a story about a pope who was actually a female in disguise. The name of this supposed female pope was Joan.
Who was this mysterious Pope Joan, and did she really exist?
Title of the polish Article: Pope Joan, the shameful mystery of the Vatican.
Introduction: In the year 858 Pope John VIII, known as the English (Ioannes Anglicus), suffered a sudden pain during a procession between St. Peter's Church and the Lateran Basilica and fell to the ground while trying to get on a horse. The assembled crowd of believers could not believe their own eyes when John began the birth. At first, the surprised people were sure that they were experiencing a real miracle. Only after a while did they realize that God had nothing to do with this event. It turned out that Pope John VIII was a woman....
(Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator)
Artikel in polnischer Sprache (2013)
Translated title: The Popess, Joan of Ingelheim
Introduction text: Many figures from the past have moved in turbulent waters, halfway between historical reality and legend. Characters who have sparked extensive and heated debates about their true existence. One of these names is Joan of Ingelheim, a woman who would have lived much of her life as a man and ended up sitting on nothing less than the chair of St. Peter. Many people know the name Pope Joan, a woman some say was a simple propaganda invention created by critics of the Roman Church, while others insist on finding truthful data about her true existence.
Popess Johanna, Johannes Anglicus, a fictitious figure or a historical person. Probably one of the interesting aspects in history that will never be fully clarified.
Catholic theologians deny that there ever was a female Pope. The legend of Popess Joan nevertheless asserted itself over the centuries. Even the Church is said to have recognized her pontificate as a historical fact until the beginning of the 17th century, thus giving faith to the legends that emerged from the 13th century onwards. After the 17th century the Pope is officially but no longer mentioned in church sources. In the Cathedral of Siena, her portrait, marked "John VII, femina ex Anglia" (John VII, wife and Englishwoman), is said to appear in a series of papal busts.
Annabell (unknown wich year)